GIAC Certified Firewall Analyst (GCFW)
GIAC Certified Firewall Analysts (GCFWs) have the knowledge, skills, and abilities to design, configure, and monitor routers, firewalls, and perimeter defense systems.
Individuals responsible for designing, implementing, configuring, and monitoring a secure perimeter for any organization; including routers, firewalls, VPNs/remote access, and overall network design.
Preparing for the GCFW Exam: Candidates may choose to prepare for the GCFW exam by taking the SANS Training Course: SEC502: Perimeter Protection In-Depth
*No Specific training is required for any GIAC certification. If candidates need help in mastering the objectives for this certification, there are many sources of information available. Practical experience is one option; there are also numerous books on the market covering Computer Information Security. Another option is SANS training, or any relevant courses from other training providers.*
- 1 proctored exam
- 75 questions
- Time limit of 2 hours
- Minimum Passing Score of 69.3%
Certifications must be renewed every 4 years. Click here for details.
NOTE: GIAC exams are NOT given the day after the conference ends.
GIAC certification attempts purchased without SANS training will be activated in your SANS/GIAC account within 24 business hours of purchase. GIAC certification attempts purchased with SANS training will be activated in your SANS/GIAC account 7-10 business days after the end of the conference. In both cases, you will receive an email notification when your certification attempt has been activated in your account. You will have 120 days from the date of activation to complete your certification attempt. GIAC exams must be proctored through Pearson VUE. Please click the following link for instructions on How to Schedule Your GIAC Proctored Exam. GIAC exams are delivered online through a standard web browser.
- Certified Professionals (GCFW)
- Exam Feedback Procedure
- Grievance Procedure
- Proctored exam procedure
- SANS Information Security Reading Room
Bulletin (Part 2 of Candidate Handbook)
Exam Certification Objectives & Outcome Statements
The topic areas for each exam part follow:
- Analyzing Network and Wireless Design
- The candidate will demonstrate familiarity with network design principles and decisions, and with basic wireless security issues.
- Creating and Auditing a Rulebase
- The candidate will demonstrate an understanding of building and verifying firewall rulebases that serve the needs of the business and map to security policy.
- Firewall Assessment and Penetration Testing
- The candidate will demonstrate a thorough understanding of assessing and validating the security of a firewall.
- Host-Based Detection and DLP
- The candidate will demonstrate understanding of the capabilities of HIDS and HIPS, and be familiar with DLP techniques.
- Incident Detection and Analysis
- The candidate will demonstrate a basic understanding of detecting incidents, intrusions, and preserving evidence.
- IOS and Router Security
- The candidate will demonstrate understanding of the basics of Cisco IOS and router hardening through applying ACLs
- IPv6 and ICMPv6
- The candidate will understand the basics of IP and ICMP version 6.
- Log Collection and Analysis
- The candidate will demonstrate understanding of techniques for centralizing log collection and analyzing firewall logs.
- NAT and Proxies
- The candidate will demonstrate understanding of transparent, non-transparent, and reverse proxy functionality, and the four standard implementations of NAT.
- Netfilter iptables
- The candidate will understand the features and configuration of the free firewall, Netfilter.
- Network Access Control
- The candidate will be familiar with Network Access Control theory.
- Network-Based Intrusion Detection
- The candidate will demonstrate an understanding of signature-based network intrusion detection.
- Packet Filters and Inspection
- The candidate will demonstrate an understanding of how static and stateful packet filters work.
- Packet Fragmentation
- The candidate will demonstrate an understanding of how fragmentation works and fragmentation-based attacks.
- Perimeter Concepts and IP Fundamentals
- The candidate will demonstrate a thorough understanding of the IP header, and basic perimeter concepts including services, firewalls, and layered security.
- Securing Hosts and Services
- The candidate will demonstrate an understanding of the principles, tools, and techniques for securing and hardening hosts and services.
- TCP/IP Protocols
- The candidate will demonstrate a thorough understanding of TCP, UDP and ICMP.
- VPN Design and Auditing
- The candidate will demonstrate an understanding of VPN authentication, encryption and placement techniques.
- VPN Implementation
- The candidate will demonstrate an understanding of IPSEC, SSL and SSH as VPN technologies.
Where to Get Help
Training is available from a variety of resources including on line, course attendance at a live conference, and self study.
Practical experience is another way to ensure that you have mastered the skills necessary for certification. Many professionals have the experience to meet the certification objectives identified.
Finally, college level courses or study through another program may meet the needs for mastery.
The procedure to contest exam results can be found at http://www.giac.org/about/procedures/grievance.